Ohio EPA made the conversion of this publication to electronic form and distributes it for the purpose of disseminating pollution prevention information more widely. Some of the figures and diagrams have been deleted from the original publication. Please submit questions or comments to

For printed copies of this or other pollution prevention publications distributed by the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Pollution Prevention, please call the Office of Pollution Prevention at 614/644-3469. A copy of the Office of Pollution Prevention publications distribution list, "Pollution Prevention Information Available from Ohio EPA", may also be ordered by calling 614/644-3469 or by FAX at (614)728-1245.

Ohio Pollution Prevention and Waste Minimization Planning Guidance Manual

September 30, 1993
State of Ohio Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Pollution Prevention
(614) 644-3469, FAX (614) 728-1245


This document was prepared under a federal fiscal year 1993 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) grant from U.S. EPA to Ohio EPA, Division of Hazardous Waste Management, and the Office of Pollution Prevention, for Great Lakes Basin activities. We are grateful for the assistance of Ohio EPA's RCRA Engineering Section, Division of Hazardous Waste Management; Ohio EPA's Underground Injection Control Unit, Division of Drinking and Ground Waters; state government and technical assistance pollution prevention staff; U.S. EPA Region V staff; the Ohio Chamber of Commerce; Ohio hazardous waste treatment, storage and disposal facilities; Ohio Class I injection well facilities; the Allen County Environmental Citizens Advisory Committee; and the Sandusky County Citizens Public Information Committee.

We are especially grateful for the assistance of the Illinois Hazardous Waste Research and Information Center (HWRIC) in Champaign, Illinois. We modified and directly quoted material from the 1993 HWRIC document, Pollution Prevention: A Guide to Program Implementation. We also modified and quoted material from U.S. EPA's 1992 document, Facility Pollution Prevention Guide.

Office of Pollution Prevention
Ohio Environmental Protection Agency
1800 WaterMark Drive
P.O. Box 1049
Columbus, OH 43266-0149

(614) 644-3469

Revised October 1994


This manual was prepared by the Office of Pollution Prevention of the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency. Neither the Office of Pollution Prevention nor any persons acting on its behalf: a) Make any warranty or representation, expressed or implied, with respect to the use of any information contained in this manual or that the use of any information, apparatus, method, or process disclosed in this manual does not infringe on privately owned rights; or b) Assume any liabilities with respect to the use of, or for damages resulting from the use of any information, apparatus, method or process disclosed in this manual.

The manual material is not intended as a recommendation of any particular pollution prevention technique or method. Rather, this manual is offered for educational and informational purposes and is advisory only. Compliance with environmental and occupational safety and health laws is the responsibility of each individual business. When using this manual and making any decision concerning pollution prevention, it is highly recommended that the particular facts and circumstances be reviewed by appropriately trained professionals and consultants. This manual does not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Office of Pollution Prevention or the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency. The mention of company names, products, services, and specific brand names does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use by the Office of Pollution Prevention or the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency.

This material may be used, in whole or in part, without permission. As such, it may not be copyrighted in any form. When copying, please include this disclaimer and acknowledge the Ohio EPA's Office of Pollution Prevention.


The "Pollution Prevention and Waste Minimization Planning Guidance Manual" is a general overview of how Ohio businesses and government facilities can develop and implement a pollution prevention program. This guidance manual is intended to increase the amount and improve the quality of activity in pollution prevention planning in the state. It will help companies to compare their pollution prevention programs to the State of Ohio's goals. The State of Ohio, including Ohio EPA, does not intend to enforce the letter of this manual to determine what should be included in a pollution prevention plan or program. Ohio EPA does not intend to issue related checklists for inspection and enforcement. However, we do expect that all pollution prevention programs and plans will have significant substantive content, include the general components covered in this manual where appropriate, and clearly meet the spirit of this guidance and any applicable law.

The manual discusses the benefits of and obstacles to pollution prevention and defines many terms related to pollution prevention activities. Overviews of federal and State of Ohio laws, regulations and policies provide a background on the governmental framework of pollution prevention programs.

The major steps in a pollution prevention program as described in this guidance manual include:

A. Establishing the pollution prevention program by obtaining support from top management, writing a policy statement, and building consensus within the company or facility.

B. Getting the program started by naming a task force, stating goals, increasing employee awareness and involvement, and training employees in pollution prevention.

C. Doing a preliminary assessment, including reviewing and describing in detail the manufacturing processes within the facility to determine the sources of waste generation and to define a baseline inventory to be used to set goals and evaluate progress; and establishing priorities for further assessment based on the results.

D. Writing the pollution prevention program plan.

E. Conducting a detailed assessment.

F. Identifying potential pollution prevention opportunities for the facility.

G. Determining all costs of current waste generation, management, and disposal, and establishing a system of proportional waste management charges for those departments that generate waste.

H. Selecting the best pollution prevention options for the company through feasibility analyses of technical, economic, and environmental considerations.

I. Writing an assessment report to describe results of the assessment and including the report in the program plan.

J. Implementing the pollution prevention plan, including selecting projects, obtaining funding, and installing projects.

K. Measuring progress by evaluating the pollution prevention program on a company-wide or facility-wide basis as well as evaluating specific pollution prevention projects.

L. Maintaining and sustaining the pollution prevention program for continued growth and continued benefits to the company. Reevaluating the program as economic situations change and/or process equipment require upgrading.

Appendices provide pollution prevention references and other sources of pollution prevention information and technical assistance. Specific requirements for hazardous waste facilities and Class I injection well facilities are also provided. An appendix on trade secrets and confidentiality requests provides information about procedures for these topics.

Companies and facilities can follow the national hierarchy for managing waste, understanding that the surest method of reducing pollution is source reduction. Industries that are willing to share their success stories with others can demonstrate that pollution prevention works. Executives need to endorse strong pollution prevention initiatives at every level of the organization. The cooperation and ideas of all employees are necessary for a fully implemented pollution prevention program to be successful.



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