WAP-3A (6/23/05 version)
Effective Watershed Action Planning (WAP) And Implementation: Overview

Local watershed groups in Ohio operate using a number of different organizational models and are formed to accomplish a diversity of missions, including: land conservation/preservation, activism, flooding and stormwater control, wetlands protection and restoration, hazardous waste and contaminated sediment remediation, to name a few. Very few, if any, local watershed groups exist for the sole purpose of watershed planning. Planning is a means to an end; and that end is some meaningful action related to land and/or water resource management.

In the context of NPS management, the State of Ohio is committed to partnering with local watershed groups that seek to develop state endorsed watershed action plans for NPS related water quality attainment and/or drinking water protection. Consequently, the State of Ohio NPS partner vision for watershed action planning and implementation is that all state supported local watershed organizations are progressing along the continuum illustrated in Figure 1, from development of a sustainable local organizational structure, to development of an endorsed watershed action plan, to sustained NPS implementation, and ultimately, to attainment of water quality or safe drinking water standards.

The arrows illustrate that valuable NPS implementation to improve, restore, and maintain water quality can, and does, occur at each of these levels. However, the general assumption is that the most effective implementation will follow a state endorsed watershed action plan.

To support local watershed group movement along the continuum in Figure 1, the State of Ohio will establish a Watershed Program Targets Group to promote a balance of three core components to effective watershed action planning and implementation, as illustrated in the conceptual model in Figure 2.