FUND-4 (6/22/05 version)
Overview: Historical Sources Of NPS Implementation Project Funding

Funding Sources

In Ohio, the majority of NPS funding comes from:

Preliminary NPS Implementation Funding Estimates

The identification and assessment of available Ohio NPS funding was completed by conducting interviews and surveys with the various state NPS partners during the completion of Ohio NPS Management Plan 2005-2010. The following key funding estimates resulted from this process:

  1. As much as $97 million per year may be available from state and federal sources for various NPS-related projects;
  2. Of this, approximately $42 million comes from federal funding sources;
  3. An estimated $4 million may be available for NPS planning and project monitoring and evaluation. The remaining funds may be available for NPS project implementation.
Available Funding Analysis

Ohio NPS state and federal implementation funding is not likely as robust as the potential estimated availability of up to $97 million annually might suggest. Only general information about the type and amount of current funding was available. Not all NPS partners were able to provide quantitative data. There is currently no detailed, consistent or systematic method of tracking, storing, or reporting this data in Ohio. Therefore, it is clear that a more systematic data collection and analysis effort will be necessary to accurately characterize the current NPS implementation budget in Ohio.

Key funding considerations raised during the NPS partner interview and survey process to date are:

  1. Clearly, some of the funding identified as available for NPS implementation is used each year for projects unrelated to NPS. For example, the Clean Ohio Fund-Open Space and Watershed Conservation program has a four-year allocation of approximately $37.5 million/year. A number of non-NPS abatement projects qualify and receive funding under this program in any given program year.
  2. Some of the funding identified as available for NPS implementation is likely designated for program administration and/or technical assistance rather than direct NPS implementation.
  3. Many of the funding sources identified during the partner interviews and survey are administered as annual, competitive programs, with some type of local matching fund requirements. By default, not all applicants are able to meet project funding criteria or guidelines, and therefore fail to receive assistance.
  4. Many of the identified programs are prioritized/designated by watershed or aquifer. NPS project proposals and needs outside of the identified priority/designated watersheds/aquifers are either ineligible or unlikely to be ranked competitively under a number of these programs.

In summary, each year, many Ohio NPS implementation needs are not met due to a variety of funding or local capacity limitations. It is clear from this preliminary assessment of available NPS funding, that a much more detailed analysis is needed before Ohio can confidently identify the “gap” between actual NPS implementation funds available and identified state NPS implementation needs.