ET-4B4 (2/8/05 version)
Chemical Integrity: Bacteria Case Study

Highlights / Details

  • In 2002, 133 local county and city health departments were asked the following questions:
    • What year did you begin your operation inspection program?
    • Was an education and/or marketing program conducted prior to startup?
    • Does your program include an ongoing educational component?
    • What types of HSTS are included in the program?
    • Do you also contract with Ohio EPA to conduct a program for semi-public systems?
    • What is the frequency of inspection, and does this vary for different types of systems?
    • Who conducts the monitoring (i.e., registered sanitarians, LHD technicians, service providers)?
    • Do you accept service contracts in lieu of inspections by the LHD? If so, do you have a LHD registration requirement for the service providers?
    • What are your fees for the program?
    • Do your fees include a reinspection fee or penalty fee for non-compliance?
    • Are all program costs covered by this fee structure?
    • How many HSTS are currently covered under your program?
    • Do you have plans to expand your program?
  • 50% of Ohio LHDs have voluntarily implemented operation and inspection programs covering 80,000 HSTS (approximately 8%) of the total estimated number of Ohio HSTS;
  • Many of the HSTS enrolled in operation and inspection programs are off-lot discharging systems, primarily aerators;
  • The locally-led operation and inspection program approach prevents HSTS failures or solves them quickly, once identified, contributing to meeting the existing ODH target of reducing HSTS failures to 10% by 2010.
  • All of the LHDs with an operation and inspection program collect a fee to support the expenses of the program and almost 50% of the LHDs responding to the survey indicate that in the coming years they will be expanding their operational oversight of the systems in their jurisdictions. This represents a significant effort to build local organizational capacity to address this important NPS issue.